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World of Warships: Kléber Tier X French Destroyer - Historical Facts (Kriegsmarine 1936) to (French Navy 1957)

Kléber Tier X French Destroyer Facts


UPDATED May 15th, 2019

Facts about IRL Kléber

As French Destroyer Kléber
1936 KLEBER. Along with a sister-ship, the Desaix, Klber originally served with the Kriegs marine before serving briefly with the French Navy during the 1950s.

THE GERMAN TYPE 1934A DESTROYERS

These formed a class of 12 ships, launched in 1 936-7, four of which were lost on 13 April 1940. The survivors five of them were taken by the Royal Navy in 1945, and the following year, the USSR and France received two each. Kleber originally served as Z6, otherwise known as Theodore Riedel. Constructed by Deschimag of Bremen, she was laid down in the spring of 1935, launched on 22 April 1 936 and commissioned on 6 July 1937. She was renamed the Klber on 2 February 1946, but was not put into service until after a lengthy refit, which commenced in 1948 and finished in 1951. She served with the Mediterranean Fleet for two years, was then placed in reserve until 1957 and was then broken up.

DESIGN SHORTCOMINGS

Germany had very little experience of designing destroyers in 1934 the last ships of that type she had built had been laid down in 1916. Thus, it comes as little surprise to discover that the 1934-class ships, though they were amongst the fastest in the world at the time, were basically flawed. They were unstable, steered and manoeuvred poorly and were very wet indeed. Significant improvements before and during the Second World War included a new bow profile and roll keels, but a new stern form made them bow- heavy and stiff. Their ultra-high pressure boilers were always suspect.

TECHNICAL DATA

Type: Destroyer escort
Machinery: 2-shaft geared turbines producing 70,000shp
Dimensions (overall): Length, 121 m (397(t); beam, 11.3m (37(t)
Displacement: 1625t standard; 3165t deep load
Draught: 4m (13(t) full load
Complement: 315
Speed: 38.5 knots (71km/h)
Source: Militaryimages.net

As German Destroyer Z6 Theodor Riedel

The German destroyer Z6 Theodor Riedel was a Type 1934A-class destroyer built for the Kriegsmarine during the mid-1930s. At the beginning of World War II in September 1939, the ship laid defensive minefields to the North Sea. She covered her sister ships over the next few months as they laid offensive minefields in English waters in late 1939–early 1940. She participated in the early stages of the Norwegian Campaign by transporting troops to the Trondheim area in early April 1940 and was transferred to France later that year where the ship covered another minelaying sortie before engine problems caused her to return to Germany in November for repairs. Theodor Riedel was badly damaged when she ran aground three days after her repairs were completed and was out of action until May 1942.

The ship was transferred to Norway in 1942 and ran aground yet again as she prepared to attack one of the convoys to Russia in July. Repairs were completed in December and Theodor Riedel participated in the Battle of the Barents Sea at the end of the year and in the German attack on Spitzbergen in mid-1943. After another lengthy refit, the ship began escorting ships between Denmark and Norway in mid-1944 and continued to do so until May 1945 when she made several trips to rescue refugees from East Prussia before the end of the war on 8 May.

Theodor Riedel spent the rest of the year under British control as the Allies decided how to dispose of the captured German ships and was ultimately allotted to France in early 1946 and renamed Kléber. She became operational later that year, but she was reconstructed and modernized in Cherbourg in 1948–51. After its completion, the ship was assigned to the Mediterranean Squadron for several years. Kléber was placed in reserve in late 1953, but was not condemned until 1957 and scrapped the next year.

Class and type: Type 1934A-class destroyer
Displacement:
2,171 long tons (2,206 t) (standard)
3,110 long tons (3,160 t) (deep load)
Length:
119 m (390 ft 5 in) o/a
114 m (374 ft 0 in) w/l
Beam: 11.30 m (37 ft 1 in)
Draft: 4.23 m (13 ft 11 in)
Installed power:
70,000 PS (51,000 kW; 69,000 shp)
6 × water-tube boilers
Propulsion: 2 shafts, 2 × geared steam turbines
Speed: 36 knots (67 km/h; 41 mph)
Range: 1,530 nmi (2,830 km; 1,760 mi) at 19 knots (35 km/h; 22 mph)
Complement: 325
Armament:
5 × single 12.7 cm (5 in) guns
2 × twin 3.7 cm (1.5 in) AA guns
6 × single 2 cm (0.8 in) AA guns

2 × quadruple 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes
Source: Wikipedia


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